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Macular degeneration is a retinal disease that causes progressive central vision loss in adults, typically over the age of 50. It remains the leading cause of vision loss in older adults.

Vision loss with Macular Degeneration can be rapid in progression or very slow. A person who has advanced Macular Degeneration will often be able to see only with peripheral vision.

Macular Degeneration has 2 forms: Dry (the milder and more common form) and Wet (the more severe and quickly progressing form that requires more extensive treatment)

Risk factors for the disease include:

   1. Age – persons over 50 are more at risk, though your risk increases as you get older

   2. Smoking – studies show that smoking tobacco will increase a person’s risk for macular
   degeneration two-fold

   3. Family History – because there is a hereditary component to the disease, persons who have a
   diagnosed family member are at a greater risk for the disease themselves

   4. Race – Caucasian persons are at highest risk for the disease among other races

Early detection and consistent monitoring of Macular degeneration is crucial to minimize vision loss. In the advanced stages of the disease, your doctor may recommend other types of therapy in the form of injections or laser treatment. Macular Degeneration can be diagnosed during your routine eye examination, through retinal evaluation.